Strabismus is a failure of the two eyes to stay in normal alignment and operate as a team. Strabismus can be either continuous or intermittent. The misalignment may typically affect the same eye or it may affect both eyes at the same time.
Strabismus is most commonly seen in newborns and kids as a result of genetics or difficulties during physical growth. The majority of instances in kids are caused by a breakdown in signals between the brain, muscles, and nerves inside the eye. It can, however, develop in individuals who have had a diabetes. stroke, or head injury.
Strabismus is categorized based on the direction in which the eye turns:
- Hypertropia- Defined as an upward turning.
- Hypotropia- Defined as a downward turning.
- Esotropia- The inward twisting of the body.
- Exotropia- Defined as an outward turning.
The majority of strabismus is caused by a problem with the neuromuscular regulation of eye movement. Our comprehension of these brain control regions is continuously growing. An issue with the actual eye muscle occurs less frequently. Strabismus is frequently hereditary, with around 30% of children with strabismus having a family relative who has a similar issue.
The best approach to identify strabismus in children is through routine eye tests. In general, the earlier strabismus is discovered and treated during a child's eye test, the better the result. If your kid does not receive therapy, he or she may develop double vision, amblyopia, or other visual problems that may impede with reading and classroom learning.
Strabismus surgery is the only effective treatment for a continuous eye turn in the majority of instances. If your child's regular eye doctor discovers that he or she has strabismus, they can recommend you to a pediatric ophthalmologist who specializes in strabismus surgery.
Adults with long-standing strabismus can potentially benefit from strabismus surgery to successfully align their eyes. However, even once the afflicted eye is properly aligned, a considerable degree of amblyopia may persist in many cases of adult strabismus. This is why strabismus therapy should begin as soon as possible.
Early diagnosis is critical, preferably before the age of six. This is not always easy since the youngster frequently does not know there is a problem. If there is an issue, the doctor may advise you to bring your child to an eye doctor. Make an appointment with a pediatric eye doctor if you suspect something is amiss with your child's eyesight, even if nothing is revealed by the vision test. You can drop by to our shop at Malaya Optical Optometrist if you just nearby Petaling Jaya area to check your child’s eyes or your eyes. If you interested to wear contact lenses, you can just purchase contact lenses online through our website at shop.malayaoptical.com